Understanding Domains for Beginners its use for us
You must have come across the term domain and wondered what a domain is. So, if likened to a domain or a domain name, it is your home address. For example, GPS requires a street name or postal code for the system to provide you with directions. Well, web browsers also need a domain name to direct you or visitors to a website.
Domain names consist of two main elements. For example, Facebook.com contains the website name (Facebook) and the extension (.com). When a company (or individual) buys this name, they can decide which server to direct it to.
This name registration is managed by an organization called ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers). ICANN determines the available extensions and has a centralized database containing domain name redirection information.
Every website you open consists of two main elements: a domain name and a web server.
- A web server is a physical machine that stores your website files and databases and then displays them to website visitors when they access and open your website from their computer.
- This name is the name you type to open and access the website. This name directs the web browser to the server that stores website resources. Without this name, people would have the IP address of the server to access your site, which would be quite a hassle.
How Do Domains Work?
Domain names work like shortcuts that direct us to the server that brings the website online.
You need to know that every website has its IP address so that it can be accessed by computers because computers work by understanding certain numbers. However, it would be very inconvenient for us to remember each of these numbers. Therefore, this name was created.
For example, Hostinger.co.id is a domain name. Let’s just say our IP address is 100.90.80.70. This IP address points to a server, but you cannot use it to access our website if you try to open it. Because, so that the IP address can be used to access the website, the remote server must use port 80 with the default page (index.html) stored in the web application directory.
Now, after understanding what a domain is and how it works, we can conclude that it would be very inconvenient to access a website with the default server settings and IP address. Therefore, almost all website owners choose to use a provider like which offers a free domain name if you buy a web hosting package for a year or more.
Domains can also take advantage of redirects that help you determine whether visitors visiting your site will automatically be redirected to another site. This is especially useful for campaigns and for directing visitors to a custom landing page on your main site. The redirect option will also help avoid typing errors. For example, when you mistype your Facebook URL by typing www.fb.com, you will still be redirected to www.facebook.com thanks to this option.
Various Domain Types
Not all names follow the same formulas and rules. While While.com is the most popular, with usage accounting for around 46.5% of all websites worldwide, others can choose from, such as as.org and as.net. Here are some of the most used domain types:
TLD: The top Level Domain
As the name suggests, this type is the top level in the system on the Internet. There are thousands of TLDs you can use and the most popular include.com. Org, Net, and.edu. The list of official TLDs is maintained by an organization called the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), and you can view them here. The IANA notes that the list of TLDs also includes ccTLDs and gTLDs, which we’ll cover later.
ccTLD: country code Top Level Domain
ccTLDs use only two letters based on international country codes, for example.us for the United States and. Jp for Japan. Usually ccTLD users are companies that create sites specifically for certain regions and can show visitors that the site they are visiting is valid for their purpose.
gTLD: Generic Top Level Domain
A gTLD is a TLD that doesn’t use a country code. Most gTLDs have a specific use, for example. Edu for educational institution websites (education). Well, you don’t have to meet certain requirements to register a gTLD, like. Com which is not always for commercial websites.
Other examples of gTLDs are. Mil (military),. Gov (government),. Non-profit org (non-profit organizations and organizations), and. Net which was created for internet service providers (ISPs), but now you can use them in any field.
Other Name Type
Well, up to here, you already know what a domain is, how it works, and some of its types. Next, we will introduce other variations of the name that you can use:
Second Level Domain
You may have seen this one. The second-level domain is right after the TLD. Don’t worry, we won’t use too technical an explanation because it will be easier if you use an example, especially for those related to country codes.
An example of this type is .co.UK which is used by several company websites in the UK. Alternatively, .gov.UK for UK government institutions, and .ac.The UK for academic institutions and universities in the kingdom.
With subdomains, webmasters don’t have to buy additional names if they want to add shares on their sites. They simply create a subdomain that can be redirected to a specific directory on the server. Subdomains can be the best option for campaign sites and other types of web content that should be separate from the main page or site. For example, Facebook uses developers.facebook.com to provide certain information to web developers and app developers who want to take advantage of Facebook’s APIs. Another example is support.google.com.
There is also a free name that you can get from various website builders such as WordPress.com, Squarespace, Weebly, and so on. This name is similar to a subdomain in that it uses the website name in your domain. Examples are businessbooks.wordpress.com or businessbooks.squarespace.com, which means the name comes from WordPress and Squarespace.
However, this type is not suitable for the long term for business or if you want to have unique branding. It would be much better if you have your name.
How to Register a Domain
Each provider uses a different system, and the domain registration process will depend on the provider you use. For more details, please read how to buy our domain.
To register it, you must first check its availability in the domain finder feature. Most providers allow you to type or enter the name you want to check availability. At Hostinger, we also provide various other options if the name you want is already in use by another user.
After that, you need to complete the steps by clicking Checkout Now and makes a payment for your chosen name. After purchasing and registering it, you will get access to a manage control panel that all the management tools you need.
How to Transfer Domain
You can also transfer this name from one registrar to another. However, you following conditions for the domain transfer method to be carried without problems:
- It has been 60 days or more since the last transfer or registration.
- A domain must not be in Redemption or Pending Delete state.
- You must have an authorization code (or EPP code).
- Proprietary information must be valid, and privacy protection services must turn off.
Although this transfer process is not mandatory, it will be much easier for you if you use the same service.
At Hostinger, you can transfer your domain from any registrar. The process itself takes 4-7 days. Don’t worry, if you don’t understand how our Support team will be ready to help you!
So, What is a Domain?
In the world of web hosting, a domain name is like the address of a building or house. Here are some things related to the definition of the domain that you should know:
- This name is like the address of a place.
- Consists of the website name (eg Hostinger) and extension (eg, .co.id).
- All registrations are managed by ICANN.
- How the domain works direct visitors to the right server (when accessing the website).
- .com is the most popular name; 46.5% of websites in the world use it.
- ccTLDs use country codes and refer to geographic areas (for example, .cn or .es).
- gTLDs are extensions for specific purposes (for example, .org for organizations).
- Each registrar offers a different domain registration process.
- You can use the special search feature to find out the availability of the name you want.
- Can be transferred from one provider to another.
- A server is a physical machine that stores website files.
- If you need help, our Support team will always be ready to help you.
Differences in Domain and Hosting and their Meaning
The terms domain and hosting must be familiar to you if you have ever read articles and guides about creating a website. Both are important elements of a website, and it’s a good idea to understand the difference between domain and hosting before creat a website.
This article will cover what domains and hosting are, the difference between domains and hosting, and everything you need to know about them.
Domain Name and Domain Registration
A domain name is like an address used to find your website on the Internet. People write it in the browser address bar to access your site.
Every website and server on the Internet is assigned a string of numbers called an IP address. However, because these numbers are difficult to remember, domain names were eventually created.
Domain names consist of second-level and top-level (TLD) domains. The second-level domain is the word or phrase of your choice, while the top-level domain is the extension.
For example, for google.com, the second-level domain is google, and .com is the TLD.
Well, to have a domain name, you must register it with a domain name registrar, which is a company or organization that sells and manages domain name registrations.
This domain registrar is registered with an organization called ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) and must report back to that organization every time a user purchases a domain. They have to edit the database to fill in the information regarding domain ownership.
You can check the availability of the desired domain and register it using the domain check tool. For example, you can visit Hostinger’s domain check tool and type in the desired name in its search field.
After that, information will appear about the availability of the domain you choose and the various domain extensions, and their prices. If the domain is already in use, there will be alternative options for the name you want.
When you have found the name you want, just click Add to cart then select the registration duration. At Hostinger, we offer domain services from one year to three years.
Domain Extension Types and Prices
There are hundreds of domain extensions available, and you’ve probably heard that .com and .net are the most widely used.
Before registering a domain name, you should first find out what types are available so that later you can choose the right extension. Below are some of the TLDs Hostinger provides and their prices*:
Domain extension Price range
*Prices are subject to change at any time.
Apart from the ones we list here, there are many more extensions for you to choose from. To check the availability of the desired extension, please use the domain check tool.
Functions of Domain and Web Hosting in Website Creation
After knowing the definition, now is the time to find out the difference between domain and hosting. If your IP address and domain name are like your home address, web hosting is your home. Without web hosting, websites cannot be online on the Internet. So, the two cannot be separated from each other.
Once you’ve got your domain name, you’ll need to sync it and point it to your web hosting provider. To avoid problems, we recommend buying everything from one provider. You don’t have to bother linking everything manually and can start the website right away.
Here are the steps to create a website:
- Select a domain name and check its availability using the domain check tool. If there is no problem, you can register it
- Create an account at Hostinger and choose the right hosting plan for your website
- Start building a website using a website builder or content management system. With Hostinger, you can use Zyro Website Builder or popular CMS like WordPress and Drupal
- Customize your website, add content, and when it’s ready, start publishing.
After understanding the meaning of domain vs hosting, some frequently asked questions help you better understand the difference between domain and hosting.
Do You Need Web Hosting If You Already Have a Domain Name?
Yes. A domain name is just the address of your website, while web hosting is a place to store all website data. Without web hosting, your website would not exist the domain name would have no purpose.
Do You Need a Domain If You Already Have Web Hosting?
It depends, but usually, the answer is: yes. Some web hosting providers include a free subdomain name. However, these subdomains will not give your site a professional feel and cannot be customized.
Having your domain name will give your website its branding and feel. In addition, visitors will also more easily remember the name of your site.
Can I Transfer a Domain Name to Hostinger?
Of course, I can! Domain transfer fees depend on the type of extension used. For example, at Hostinger, the cost for .com is $120,075. The process is also easy and only takes a moment.
To transfer a domain, go to https://www.hostinger.co.id/transfer-domain and enter the domain you want to transfer along with the EPP code as proof of ownership of the domain. For EPP codes, ask your current domain provider for help.
After proceeding to the payment process and completing it, you will receive an email. Confirm this email to start the transfer process, which will be completed in just under 5 days.
Anyone can use this transfer service as long as the domain is not in Pending Delete or Redemption status, and it has been more than two months since the last registration or transfer.
Can I Move My Website to Hostinger?
I can. You just need to transfer and move website files directly to Hostinger servers via an FTP client or File Manager of your hosting control panel.
If using a MySQL database, your website’s database details must be configured to the new database on the Hostinger server.
However, if you’re not familiar with this and aren’t sure how to proceed with the steps above, Hostinger’s support team is always ready to help. Users of shared and cloud hosting services can contact our Customer Success team and will be happy to help.
What is Domain Hosting?
As the name suggests, domain hosting is a service that hosts the domain name for your website. They provide domains to be purchased and registered by users at varying costs. This service differs from a web hosting provider in that it allows you to purchase a domain and web hosting.
Although the concept is completely different, many people still don’t know the difference between domain and hosting. Both are inseparable elements in making a website, also have functions. Well, through this article, you also know what are the differences between domain vs hosting along with their definitions, types, and prices. You also learn how the two work together to create a website. Furthermore, if you still have questions about domain vs hosting, please let us know in the comments column below.